120,000 Ottoman soldiers, out gunned and ill prepared for winter conditions, were driven to their fate, not only at the hands of Russian heavy artillery, but, to frostbite under the command of Enver Pasha, a Union and Progress Party figure (Ä°ttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti). Thousands perished on The Allahuekber mountains without firing a single shot. This was one of the many methods employed by Enver and other masons to weaken the Ottoman Empire. Footage by occupying Russian forces.
Only 40,000 survived
One of the most important sources about the SarÄ±kamÄ±ÅŸ Campaign is the memoirs of KÃ¶prÃ¼lÃ¼lÃ¼ Åžerif Bey. He mentions that they did not even possess a proper map of the region.