120,000 Ottoman soldiers, out gunned and ill prepared for winter conditions, were driven to their fate, not only at the hands of Russian heavy artillery, but, to frostbite under the command of Enver Pasha, a Union and Progress Party figure (İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti). Thousands perished on The Allahuekber mountains without firing a single shot. This was one of the many methods employed by Enver and other masons to weaken the Ottoman Empire. Footage by occupying Russian forces.
Only 40,000 survived
One of the most important sources about the Sarıkamış Campaign is the memoirs of Köprülülü Şerif Bey. He mentions that they did not even possess a proper map of the region.
In his memoirs, Şerif Bey writes: “Let us make up our mind about this: For us, Sarıkamış has not only been a great lesson, but also a bright chapter of our history. Future generations should know that we met this fate because we sought salvation following a wrongly created man. History has witnessed that a great Turkish army has fought due to the greed of an ignorant and mad commander.”
“OSMANLI troops fought on the top of tall mountains under snowstorm against the artillery of an enemy of centuries and they were completely annihilated, but not a single soldier has ever turned his back to his nation… ın Sarıkamış, there was no panic.”
Taken from Yursil Blog