The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is China’s largest provincial unit, accounting for one sixth of the Chinese territory. Though this region does not belong to the country as it was occupied by it in 1949.
The area has been known by various names, includign East Turkestan. East Turkestan was always an independent state. Though different dynasties have ruled in this area as it was a rich source of natural resources.
During the period of 1949 , the governmnet of East Turkestan was on its way to make a decision regarding its being a Free State but they all were killed in a plane crash. It is suspected that China was behind this incident. Soon after it, China occupied East Turkestan and renamed it Xinjiang which means “New Territory”.