The Ridda wars also known as the Wars of Apostasy, were a series of military campaigns launched by the Caliph Abu Bakr against rebel Arabian tribes during 632 and 633 AD, just after Mohammed died.
The concentrations of rebels nearest Medina were located in two areas: Abraq, 72 miles north-east of Medina, and Dhu Qissa, 24 miles east of Medina.
These concentrations consisted of the tribes of Banu Ghatafan, the Hawazin, and the Tayy. Abu Bakr sent envoys to all the apostate tribes, calling upon them to remain loyal to Islam and continue to pay their Zakat.
The caliph formed 11 main corps, each under its own commander.
A standard was given to each corps.
The available manpower was distributed among these corps, and while some commanders were given immediate missions, others were given missions for which they would be launched later.
The 11 corps commanders and their assigned objectives were as follows:
1.Seek the tribes which are your objectives
2.Call the Azaan.
3.If the tribe answers with the Azaan, do not attack. After the Azaan, ask the tribe to confirm its submission, including the payment of zakat. If confirmed, do not attack.
4.Those who submit will not be attacked.
5.Those who do not answer with the Azaan, or after the Azaan do not confirm full submission, will be dealt with by the sword.
6.apostates who have killed Muslims will be killed.
Islam is full of fitna's